Bulgaria, officially the Republic of Bulgaria is a parliamentary republic located in Southeastern Europe. Located in the eastern half of the Balkan Peninsula. Bordering the Black Sea to the east, Greece and Turkey to the south, Serbia and Macedonia to the west and Romania to the north, mostly along the Danube. The total length of the state border is 2245 km, 1181 km are land, 686 km – river and 378 km – sea.
Natural border with Romania is the Danube river, whose waters are navigable all along the border for freight, passenger and commercial river vessels. The eastern border is the Black Sea, whose shoreline is 378 kilometers, with distinct bays – Varna and Burgas. About 25% of the shoreline is sandy and usable for the sea resorts.
The terrain varies, the alpine regions are mainly in the south. Balkan Mountains divide the country into two almost equal parts and serve as a natural barrier for cold northern currents. North of Stara Planina stretches Danube valley and to the south are situated the Upper Valley and Rose Valley.
The highest mountain in Bulgaria is Rila, where rises the highest peak on the Balkans, Musala – 2925 meters. The second highest peak is Vihren in Pirin – 2914 meters. It is also the Alpine mountain in Bulgaria. It is followed by the Rhodopes and Vitosha. Lower, but extremely beautiful are the mountains Middle Forest in the central part of the country, Strandzha and Sakar in southeastern Bulgaria, Osogovo in Southwestern Bulgaria.
Valleys and lowlands in Bulgaria occupy large areas of north and south of Stara Planina. The biggest among them is the Danube valley, which touches on the former Yugoslav border to west, to east touches Dobrudja and the Black Sea, to the north – Danube, and to the south – Stara planina. It is characterized by plateaus and hilly terrain, segmented by broad rivers and valleys. Dobrudja is a hilly plain and is located in the northeastern part of Bulgaria. It is also called the “granary of Bulgaria”. South of Stara Planina, pressed by the long, low mountain range of Central Forest, is located the Rose Valley. Besides the standard crops here the oil rose thrives. It is one of the patents of the unique Bulgarian climate, along with the yoghurt produced with the help of the yeast bacteria “Bacterium Bulgaricum” (Lactobacterium bulgaricum Grigoroff).
Thracian Lowland is the second largest in the country – stretching from the mountains around Sofia to the Black Sea to the east, the north woods based in Central and south in the Rila, Rhodope and Strandzha.
Many European travelers say Bulgaria is a paradise place. It has everything – sea, rivers, lakes, high mountains, virgin forests, plateaus and plains, hot and cold mineral springs.
Bulgarian summer resorts are a favorite destination for many tourists from Europe and other continents. Summer has over 140 days of sunshine and average temperature of 26 degrees C (79 degrees F), which in most warm days rarely exceed 35 degrees C (95 degrees F). The main flow of tourists goes trough Bourgas and Varna airports. Outermost flights from England and Ireland do not exceed 3.5 hours. Currently. Bulgaria is rapidly growing tourist country. Winter ski resorts in Bulgaria - Bansko, Borovets and Pamporovo are visited by many europeans. The infrastructure is very good for winter sports. Average temperatures in the winter are around - 2 degrees C - 7 degrees C. The main tour operators are Thomson, First Choice, Neckermann, Thomas Cook and others. Winter resorts include a tour the same, each year adding new offers on their listings.
Bulgaria was accepted into NATO in 2004 and the European Union on 1 January 2007. The currency is the Bulgarian LEV, which is connected to the board with the euro. The country has 56 reserves and 850 springs. Bulgaria is country with a parliamentary democracy and president.
Bulgaria is one of the few countries in the world with own alphabet - the cyrillic.