Map of Europe

Europe map Map of Europe

On the map of Europe are the countries which belongs to the continent. These are Bulgaria, Greece, Macedonia, Serbia, Romania, Austria, Turkey (located almost exclusively in Asia), Finland, Latvia, Slovenia, Andorra, Ukraine, Albania, Belarus, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Vatican, Switzerland, Italy, Germany, Ireland, Denmark, Estonia, Spain, Iceland, Kazakhstan (the most in Asia), Lithuania, Liechtenstein, Luxembourg, Malta, Moldova, Monaco, Norway, England, Poland, Portugal, Russia (country which parts are mainly in Asia), San Marino, Slovakia, Hungary, France, Croatia, Montenegro, Netherlands, Czech Republic, Sweden, Guernsey, Transnistria, Jersey, Isle of Man, the Faroe Islands, Kosovo and Gibraltar.

Europe is one of the greatest centers of civilization in the world history for more than 5000 years. It is the third most populous continent on Earth. Its territory is 10,180,000 square kilometers. The population - over 700 million people. The continent is in the northern hemisphere, bordered by Ural Mountains and Ural River to the east, the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the west. Mediterranean sea, Caspian Sea, Black Sea and Caucasus border it to the southeast.

One of the most modern descriptions of Europe is a "unity of diversity". The European Union has 27 members. From them only Cyprus is entirely in Asia. The Council of Europe, an international organization of European integration, includes more countries – 47. It involves several countries geographically in Asia – Azerbaijan, Armenia, Cyprus and Georgia.


European countries and regions

Balkans

The Balkan Peninsula cross major roads in Europe and Mediterranean Africa. Because of its strategic geographical position the Balkans centuries were marked by crusades, invasions and many military conflicts. The Balkans represent ifferent nations and ethnic groups from many cultures, languages and traditions mixed over the centuries.

This region includes the land in the “heart of Europe” – from the Baltic and North Sea to the southern foot of the Alps. There are six countries in Central Europe. Liechtenstein is the smallest by size, Switzerland, Austria and Liechtenstein are typical alpine countries. In Austria, Slovakia and Hungary, runs the second longest river in Europe – the Danube, which flows into the Black Sea. Since 1815 Switzerland retains only neutral and outside of all wars and conflicts.

This is the widest European region, which occupies almost half of the continent. Stretching from the Baltic Sea and Carpathian Middle European valley to the west, east to the Urals and the Arctic Ocean to the Great Caucasus to the south. By the end of 80s of the twentieth century, all countries in Eastern Europe were part of the former Soviet Union. Today, as independent states, they experience a period of transition to market economy. Except Russia, all other countries are small with limited natural resources.

This is the coldest region of the continent. Continental and island parts divide Northern Europe. The mainland is composed of the oldest rocks on the continent (ie. Baltic shield), on which are situated the Scandinavian peninsula and the large Finnish – Karelian area strewn with thousands of lakes. In Northern Europe there are five high developement of industrial countries – Finland, Sweden, Norway, Denmark, Poland and Faroe Islands. They feature a high standard of living. These are the most sparsely populated European countries except for one - Denmark.

Southern Europe called the European Mediterranean, includes two large peninsulas: the Iberian and Apennine, and the surrounding islands. Southern european islands and peninsulas separate the north equator in several Mediterranean coastal seas – Balearic, Ligurian, Tyrrhenian, Adriatic and Ionian Sea. The Iberian Peninsula is almost square and is the second largest in Europe after Scandinavia. On the peninsula are located the countries Portugal, Spain and Andorra. Apennine peninsula is narrow, with highly elongated characteristic shape for which it is called “the boot”. Here are situated Italy and two very small countries San Marino and the Vatican. The small nation of Malta is located In the region. And in the most southeastern regions is another island country Cyprus.

Because of the beautiful destinations and the clear sea waters, most of the international travelers choose this part of Europe for their holidays.

This region includes 25 countries, of which 15 are EU members. It has a wide outlet to the Mediterranean. It is open to the Atlantic Ocean, which facilitates business contacts between the region and other countries in the world, including USA and Japan. The region is general economic mechanism with a natural, demographic and economic potential. The countries in Europe are seeking to drop the boundaries between them (the Schengen agreement), so the size of their territory is gradually losing importance. The integration process has led to the formation of the European Economic Area (EEA). Since 1993, it formed as one of the economic forces in the world with about 46% of world trade. Three quarters of this trade is within Europe, which is evidence of the opening of borders and connections between the countries formed EEA. The movement of people, goods and capital stimulates economic development in the region, building a unified economic infrastructure.

  • Area: 10 180 000 sq.km.
  • Population of Europe: 731,000,000 (2009) people
  • Population density: 70 people / km
  • Countries: 50
  • Time zone: UTC to UTC +5
  • Internet domain: .eu

Europa.eu - The official website of the EU
Wikipedia - European Union in Wikipedia
Visit Europe - Prepare your next vacation
Travel Guide - Hotels, Restaurants, Sightseeing in Europe